Army, academia develop human-on-a-chip technology

Crystal Randall, an Army microbiologist on ECBC's in vitro research team, conducts laboratory research. (U.S. Army photo by Conrad Johnson)

Crystal Randall, an Army microbiologist on ECBC’s in vitro research team, conducts laboratory research. (U.S. Army photo by Conrad Johnson)

ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND, Md. (Sept. 26, 2013) — There was a time when the thought of manufacturing organs in the laboratory was science fiction, but now that science is a reality.

Army Scientists at the Edgewood Chemical Biological Center and academia collaborators have been conducting research of “organs” on microchips. ECBC is one of a few laboratories in the world conducting this research effort, but what sets ECBC apart is that its research will directly impact the warfighter.

The center houses the only laboratories in the United States that the Chemical Weapons Convention permits to produce chemical warfare agent for testing purposes. ECBC will test the human-on-a-chip against chemical warfare agent to learn more about how the body will respond to agent exposure and explore various treatment options for exposures.

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Army researchers explore laser detection techniques

Army researchers explore laser detection techniques
ADELPHI, Md. — As the need for chemical, biological and explosive detection becomes more relevant in today’s world, the U.S. Army Research Laboratory is leading the effort in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, which is capable of highly advanced materials analysis.

The technology has shown significant advancements since its inception in the 1980’s. Today, LIBS technology is used for multiple purposes, including the 2011 mission to Mars, detection of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive material, and materials matching in forensic cases.

Dr. Andrzej Miziolek and his collaborators in ARL’s Advanced Weapons Concepts Branch are at the forefront of standoff detection pertaining to trace amounts of hazardous materials using the LIBS technology. Their work is an important example of applying spectroscopy to difficult problems in chemical analysis.

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The Smart Bullet – The 50 Best Inventions of 2009 – TIME

Smart Bullet, Photo courtesy TIME Magazine

“You fire a bullet, and it explodes where you tell it to. That’s the essence of the XM25, a gun that fires explosive rounds able to neutralize enemies camped out behind cover,” says TIME Magazine’s article on the 50 best inventions of the year. The air-burst technology for the bullet originated in the Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center as an Army Advanced Technology Demonstration Program. The Research, Development and Engineering Command workforce continues to come up with new ideas to help today’s Soldier.  Read more…